The History of Zagreb: A Timeline of Key Events

Don’t you all worry, I’m not going to write a bunch of years and informations and say that is important to know if you’re visiting Zagreb, but I’m going to write a couple of events through the years that could be really interesting and useful.

For example, did you know that the name Zagreb was first used in 1094 during the founding of the Zagreb diocese in Kaptol?

Zagreb became a free royal city in 1242, after Mongols destroyed the city. During the siege, King Bela IV of Hungary was so grateful to the citizens of Gradec (place today known as the Upper town, also the oldest part of Zagreb) that he gave them The Golden Bula document. It was a document with which Zagreb (then Gradec) became a free royal city.

In the 1368, there was 2.810 people who lived in Gradec in around 150 houses. That was the first time the city made a list of its population. Almost 400 years later, in 1742, the number of people who lived in Gradec increased to 5.600.

In 1557, for the first time ever, Zagreb was mentioned as a capital city of Croatia in a written and official documents.

The bigest and one of the most beautiful parks in Zagreb – Maksimir park – was opened to public in 1794 (you should absolutely visit this beautiful park).

On September 7th, 1850, small villages Kaptol, Gradec and Vlaska Ves were united in the city of Zagreb.

30 years later, on November 9th, 1880, at exactly 7 hours, 33 minutes and 50 seconds, Zagreb was hit by a 6,3 earthquake. Within the first 24 hours, on the main railway station, more than 3.800 travelers ticket was bought. The earthquake destroyed many buildings in Zagreb, two people were killed and 29 people were seriously injured. Zagreb cathedral was heavily damaged, and reconstruction lasted up until 1906.

Source: Digital Collection of National and University Library in Zagreb

Fast forward, in 1991 Croatia declares independence and city of Zagreb was declared as the Croatian capital.

Once more, this time on March 22nd, 2020, at exactly 6 houres and 24 minutes at the morning, Zagreb was once again hit by a big 5,5 earthquake that damaged hudreds of buildings around the city, as well as once again Zagreb Cathedral. Unfortunately, one person died.

Towers are currently renovating because of the damage caused by the earthquake in 2020

I think that’s enough. This is just a short info post about some years in the long history of Zagreb.

Hi! My name is Ivan, and I'm an author of I have been photographing and exploring Zagreb for more than 15 years, and if you want to know more about me and, read the Introduction articles by clicking here.

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